Over the last 30 years, Indonesia has become a hotspot for global marine aquarium fish collection and trade, with the industry providing an important source of income for thousands of coastal communities.
Unfortunately, the widespread use of destructive fishing techniques continues, and has caused a serious decline in the number and quality of reef habitats, and has also reduced the diversity of fish that are targeted for the marine aquarium trade. Indonesia exports around 80 species of hard corals, and more than 280 species of aquarium reef fish, involving over 40 companies and contributing about 70% to the global market.
Unlike freshwater fish, almost 99% of all marine aquarium organisms for trade still come from wild collection. In order to maintain resources, effective reef fisheries management is needed, together with monitoring to support and regulate ornamental fish collection and trade.